Blood spotting before the menstruation is a sign of pregnancy and a normal phenomenon but it is obvious to get worried when experiencing such occurrences. This blood spotting is known as implantation bleeding and in some cases it could be heavy as well.
Implantation bleeding occurs when the fertilized egg tries to implant itself against the you uterus wall and is one of the main first identifiable sign of pregnancy. In some cases the spotting can be very little that a woman might fail to even notice it but some woman also mistake it with the beginning of their menstrual cycle. So whether this bleeding is small or heavy it should not last for a longer time in fact it shall not last for more than two days.
There are three factors which help a woman identify the difference between implantation bleeding and has regular periods.
- Timing of the occurrence of bleeding.
- Color of the blood.
When Does Implantation Bleeding Occur?
Implantation bleeding will take place somewhere around 10th day from the start of conception and will occur before the next expected menses discharged. As per the calculation if you have conceived on the seventh day then you might experience this kind of bleeding between 19 to 30 days after that.
When the egg attaches itself to endometrial lining it will extract some blood from there for its own nourishment however if the fertilization would not have occurred than the ovum would get discharged but as the normal menses. So to support the egg some blood is released which can be discharged through the vagina.
Now the color of the blood can can be red, light pink or sometimes brown. Light red or light pink color blood gets discharged during the start of the implantation while Brown blood indicates old blood. When fertilized egg was trying to attach itself against the wall than some blood was released by body but if in case that blood was not discharged immediately from the vagina and it was stored for some time inside the uterus itself than that blood would be discharged later and that would be darker in color.
Implantation bleeding is also accompanied with cramps but these cramps are not as severe as what you experience during your regular periods. Cramps occur because muscles contract to form a protective layer around the egg and due to this contraction pressure gets applied on the veins because of which pain occurs.
Implantation bleeding generally last for few hours and in rare cases it can extend up to two days. If in case it stays for more than 4 to 5 days than it is advised that you immediately see your doctor because it can also represent any kind of other vaginal infection or even a miscarriage.
Can Implantation Bleeding Be Heavy?
However in some cases the woman might experience heavy implantation bleeding which is normal but in that case it is advised that you see your gynecologist. Generally bleeding would occur whenever the fertilized egg will try to attach itself to the abdomen, ovaries, Fallopian tube, cervix, uterine wall etc and if in case the bleeding is heavy than it would also be accompanied with other symptoms like dizziness, fatigue, pelvic pains etc.
Heavy implantation bleeding is normal to occur but again it should be short-lived. If the bleeding is heavy and states for more than three days you should seek medical attention immediately. If you see any of the following symptoms it is recommended that you call your doctor immediately
- Heavy discharge after confirmation of pregnancy but for a longer period.
- Normal menses after reaching menopause.
- Prolonged menstrual cycle with heavy bleeding.
- Bleeding accompanied with dizziness and strong pain.
Although implantation bleeding is normal but if it should not be ignored if it is heavy and stays for more than two days.