A typical pregnancy is divided into three different stages called trimesters. A complete pregnancy cycle is for about 42 weeks. It is the total time period for a fetus to develop into a tiny baby. Pregnancy is a fascinating subject as it is unpredictable, miraculous and an amazing thing created by nature. Current research can only explain part of the mysterious concept called pregnancy. Let us find out in detail about the different trimester in the pregnancy cycle.
It is the first three months of the pregnancy cycle, roughly about 13 weeks. This trimester is the worst time period for any expecting mother. This part of the pregnancy cycle has the highest risk of abortion. They undergo various physical and emotional turmoil. The uterus expands about three times its size and presses towards the abdomen. Some women have bleeding which is can last from one to three days called the implantation bleeding.
Women can confirm their pregnancy only after missing her next monthly periods. A simple drug store pregnancy test can be used initially. Once the test is confirmed, it is mandatory that the expectant mother visits the doctor. A 12 week scan is performed to find if the pregnancy is taking its course. Various complications can occur during the first month of the pregnancy cycle like ectopic pregnancy or sudden miscarriage.
The doctor runs other minor tests to check the wellness of the mother. The blood pressure and weight is monitored throughout the pregnancy cycle. Any sort of bleeding should be immediately reported to the doctor.
Every pregnancy is different but a lot of mothers have similar symptoms. There are very few lucky moms who have it easy but number of mothers undergo severe pregnancy symptoms.
Morning Sickness and excessive mood swings are two major symptoms at this stage of the pregnancy cycle. Pregnancy creates a lot of hormonal changes and most women are extremely cranky all throughout the pregnancy cycle. There is no need to take it personal as it is temporary and passes away with time.
Frequent Urination and heartburn are the other two symptoms that persist through the pregnancy cycle.
It is highly important that you develop a healthy lifestyle for you and your baby. It is mandatory that you do not smoke or drink as it is extremely dangerous. These unhealthy habits are bad at any stage of the pregnancy cycle.
It is easily called the honeymoon period of the pregnancy cycle. The morning sickness is greatly reduced and joy of pregnancy starts to kick in as you hear the fetal heart beat. The slight bump shows the world how special you are and everyone treats you like a queen.
The baby grows in a rapid speed at this period of the pregnancy cycle. The fifth month scan reveals the sex of the baby. Bones start to develop and by the end of the second trimester, your baby can hear the outside world pretty well. You can also feel your baby move which mostly feels like butterflies in your stomach. The uterus expands even more and maternity clothes are the only thing you fit into. Exercising regularly throughout the pregnancy cycle will help you put on less weight and also aids in an easy delivery.
Most symptoms from the first trimester will continue to persist throughout the pregnancy cycle. Your breast gets swollen, areola is darkened, there is a dark ugly line running on your stomach, and you favorite food turn you off. Your stomach expands and ugly stretch marks start to appear. These marks are extremely itching, try applying cocoa butter or olive oil to relieve the pressure. As your stomach grows, it gets tiring to do your daily chores. Do not hesitate to ask for help as you need plenty of rest. Pushing yourself is not going to help your baby.
At this phase of the pregnancy cycle, it is important that you are informed about pre-term labor as it can be avoided if detected early.
Signs of preterm labor
Preterm labor is the most dreaded thing during the pregnancy cycle. Any contractions should be looked into at once. Gas like pain, menstrual cramps, abdominal pressure can also lead to preterm labor. Getting immediate help can put an end to preterm labor and have a healthy baby at 36th week or higher. Preterm labor can occur during the last phase of the pregnancy cycle
This is the final stage of the pregnancy cycle. Your uterus would have expanded to the size that you can’t see your feet anymore. Care should be taken to not put on excess weight. There is a misconception which says pregnant women can eat what they want. For a healthy pregnancy it is necessary that one eats healthy.
Your baby is growing at an unbelievable rate and there are options to get 3D scans to see each and every part of your baby. You can frequently feel your baby move around your belly. You need to stay calm and happy since babies can sense distress easily. Get your family member to help with your daily chores. Enroll in a childbirth class which will arm you with information about childbirth.
It is important that you create a child birth plan and keep a hospital bag ready by your bedside. Your water breaking or frequent contraction are two signs which show that baby is ready to come out. If you experience these symptoms after the 36th week then it is a full term delivery. Anytime before that, it is considered preterm. There is a good survival rate for babies born after the 30th week, so do not panic and talk to your doctor in detail and be strong.
Symptoms in third trimester
Extreme fatigue and heartburn are two major symptoms that plaques expected mother at this stage of the pregnancy cycle. Depression sets in due to various reasons and partners should help them stay strong.
Many mothers become impatient of being pregnant and this makes time move slowly. Take one day at a time and enjoy the final stage of your pregnancy cycle to the fullest as it is a period. Exercise regularly and eat sensibly to have a safe delivery.